The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Plant science also known as Botany, phytology, or plant biology , is a branch of science that deals with the scientific study of physiology, growth and development, biochemistry and metabolism, transport and translocation and responses to biotic and abiotic stress of plants. Plant physiology is broadly classified into two metabolism, Primary and Secondary. Primary metabolism includes Photosynthesis,respiration and protein synthesis. Whereas Secondary metabolism includes protection of plants against microbial infection as pigments or scents such as attractants for pollinators and allelochemicals that cause competition among plant species.
- Track 1-1Materials and Energy Exchange of Plants
- Track 1-2Growth and Development of Plants
- Track 1-3Movement of Plants
- Track 1-4Reproduction in Plants
The branch of science that deals with morphological or anatomical characteristics of plants is referred as Phytotomy, which is the combination of vegetative and reproductive part of plants. Vegetative part includes, Root which consumes nutrition and water and gives strength to the plants, Stem which hold the leaves, sprouts and reproductive organs and Leaves which helps in exchange of gases between plant and environment. whereas reproductive part includes Flowers where the reproductive organ originates from part of the stem and leaves and Seeds helps in nourishment of embryo and also in dispersal of seeds to new location.
- Track 2-1Functions of Vegetative and Reproductive Part of Plants
- Track 2-2Ergastic Substances of Plants
- Track 2-3Dermal and Secretary Tissues and Cells in Plants
- Track 2-4Wood Ray and Kranz Anatomy
- Track 2-5Angiosperm Anatomy
Examination of molecular mechanism that undergoes in plants is known as Plant Biochemistry. A leaf cell in plants consists of several metabolic components which are responsible for specialized metabolic functions. The mechanical stability in plant cell depends on the carbohydrate and protein content that present on the Cell Wall of the plants. Vacuoles in the plants function as cell turgor, waste deposits, Recycling of cellular constituents, storage function. Cellular respiration which helps in oxidization for generating ATP will be carried out by mitochondria.
- Track 3-1Activation of Enzymes by Calvin Cycle
- Track 3-2Function of Nitrogenase Complex Proteins
- Track 3-3Photo Phosphorylation
- Track 3-4Biosynthesis of Porphyrins
- Track 3-5Purpose of Cellulose in Plants
Amplification of genetically identical copies of plant species by method of asexual reproduction is called as “clonal propagation”. clonal propagation of plants on large scale is popularly known as “micropropagation”. Practical application of morphogenetic and biochemical totipotency in varied plant species e.g. ornamental, horticultural and medicinal crops has pushed micropropagation to the realm of commercial application. The culture of isolated shoots, bases or meristems by providing suitable nutrient media to stimulate the growth of multiple axillary buds by overcoming apical dominance is referred to “Micropropogation Technology”.
- Track 4-1Multiplication by Meristematic Tissue of Axillary and Apical Shoots
- Track 4-2Multiplication by Adventitious Shoots
- Track 4-3Multiplication by Adventitious Embryo Formation
- Track 4-4Multiplication Through Callus Culture
Plants that possess medicinal values are meant to be Herbal Plants. These plants plays a major role in synthesis and development of drugs. Many medicinal and recreational drugs, like tetrahydrocannabinol, caffeine, and nicotine come directly from the plant kingdom. Others are simple derivatives of botanical natural products; for example, aspirin is based on the pain killer salicylic acid which originally came from the bark of willow trees. As well, the narcotic analgesics such as morphine are derived from the opium poppy. Many more novel cures for diseases from plants are yet to be discovered.
- Track 5-1Red Juice of Bloodwort to Treat Blood Disorders
- Track 5-2Lobed Appearance of Liverworts to Aid the Liver
- Track 5-3Physiological Effect of Alkaloids
- Track 5-4Function of Vinblastine and Vincristine
- Track 5-5Organo- Sulfur Compounds from Leaves
Plants provide us with many natural materials, such as hemp, cotton, wood, paper, linen, vegetable oils, some types of rope, and rubber which are the major resource for human economy. The production of silk from the cultivation of the mulberry plant made a great turn over in garments industry. Fern like plants are used in Weaving and Basketry. Sugarcanes, rapeseeds, with high fermentable sugar or oil content are been used as source of biofuels, which are important alternatives to fossil fuels. Favoured refreshers like coffee, chocolate, tobacco, and tea also come from plants. Most alcoholic beverages come from fermenting plants such as barley (beer), rice (sake) and grapes (wine).
- Track 6-1Mosses and Moss-Like Plants
- Track 6-2Ferns and Fern-Like Plants
- Track 6-3Ferns and Fern-Like Plants
- Track 6-4Conifers and Conifer-Like Plants
- Track 6-5Flowering Plants
Don’t judge a book by its cover, this proverb suits as an best example for these poisonous plants, where the herbs, shrubs, trees , vegetables and vines are poisonous under certain condition. They provide shade, colorful flowers , or food but parts of the plants (sap, leaves, seed, flowers, stems) may also contain toxic compounds. Some may cause irritation of skin or mouth and cause stomach upset, while others can cause vomiting and diarrhea. Some of the most poisonous plants also can be source of valuable pharmaceuticals. For example: Digitalis, derived from the leaves and seeds of foxglove, was originally used to strengthen the heart of ill person. Toxicity in plants varies in different concentration, some plants concentrate toxic in seeds but not the leaves. In others unripe fruit may be toxic but not the ripened fruit.
- Track 7-1Harmful Landscape and Garden Plants
- Track 7-2Plants and their Toxic Principles
- Track 7-3Toxics Found in Plants
- Track 7-4Preventing Measures to Avoid Plant Poisoning
Any abnormal condition that alters the appearance or function of a plant is referred as Plant Disease. The major cause of plant disease is pathogens that affect plants that results in reduced yield and quality of harvested product. Any detectable changes in color, shape, and/or functions of the plant in response to a pathogen or disease-causing agent is a symptom. Plant Pathogen is a parasitic organism such as fungi, bacteria, virus, Nematodes that cause disease in plants. Pathogen extracting nutrients by invading plants is referred as host.
- Track 8-1Role of Environment in Support to Pathogens
- Track 8-2Dispersion , Infection and Colonization of Pathogens
- Track 8-3Biotrophs
- Track 8-4Necrotrophs
- Track 8-5Facultative Parasites and Saprophytes
Botanical extracts have been used as pest controller in replacement of synthetic pesticides. These botanical pesticides has both pros and cons where pros include Rapid degradation and lack of persistence and bioaccumulation in the environment.The diversity and redundancy of phytochemicals in botanical extracts is also useful. Essential oils also act as good repellent fumigant and insecticidal agent. Despite of many pros, they faces many hurdles which includes challenges in testing toxicity on new products, economical supply of plant product, quality control and lack of stability.
- Track 9-1Traditionally used Botanical Insecticides
- Track 9-2Pepper Insecticide
- Track 9-3Rotenone as Biopesticide and Mode of Action
- Track 9-4Alkaloids Toxicity Against Plants
- Track 9-5Greek Plants as a Source of Botanical Pesticides
All living organisms have common attributes such as replication, nutrition, growing and interaction with their environment.Function of organs together called as an organism. Organs are made of tissues which are composed of aggregation of cells that have similar functions. The cell is the basic unit of life in all living organisms and it has molecules that have fundamental functions for life. Molecular biology is the study of these molecules in the cell. Two of these molecules called proteins and nucleotides have fundamental roles to sustain life. Proteins are the key components in everything related to life. DNA is made of nucleotides and parts of DNA called genes code for proteins which perform all the fundamental processes for living by biochemical reactions.
- Track 10-1The Central Dogma of Life
- Track 10-2Biotechnological methods in Molecular Biology
- Track 10-3Databases
- Track 10-4Human Genome Project
Techniques in molecular biology includes Molecular analysis and Interpretation of Target gene which is undertaken by isolating nucleic acids , usage of enzymes, DNA ligases, Kinases, Phosphatases in molecular biological techniques, followed by Electrophoretic separation, Denaturation and hybridization of nuclear strands. Application of blotting techniques in clinical and forensic science helps in detecting genetic abnormalities and viral infections. The development of PCR has increased the speed and accuracy of DNA analysis, and has resulted in the rapid development of new and creative techniques for detecting, replicating, and modifying DNA.
- Track 11-1Advanced PCR Techniques
- Track 11-2PCR based Cloning and Sequencing Methods
- Track 11-3Representational Difference Analysis
- Track 11-4Serial Analysis of Gene Expression
- Track 11-5Microarray Analysis
Sequencing techniques are broadly classified into three, Sanger sequencing , Next generation sequencing (NGS), Third generation sequencing. These are sub classified into the following, Genome sequencing, Genome re-sequencing § Metagenomics , Transcriptomics (RNA-seq) , Personal genomics. Trending techniques include FASTQ format which is a text-based format for storing both a DNA sequence and its corresponding quality scores.
- Track 12-1Template Preparation
- Track 12-2Sequencing and Imaging
- Track 12-3Data Analysis
- Track 12-4Use of Emulsion PCR
The Integrative study of plant breeding, transgenic crop improvement, plant physiology and cropping system sciences to develop improved varieties of agronomic, turf and forage crops to produce feed, food, fuel and fiber for the growing population is referred to as crop science. The ever-growing challenges of widespread food insecurity and malnutrition, negative impacts of climate change, environmental degradation, and dependence on fossil fuel energy made this study essential for the development of plants.
- Track 13-1Wheat and Small Grain Production
- Track 13-2Forage Production
- Track 13-3Soybean Production
- Track 13-4Corn and Grain Sorghum Production
The most effective method to cure cancer is to prevent development of disease and by early detection of tumor cells. The molecular examination of oncogenes and Tumor Suppressor gene provides an information regarding diagnosis and detection of cancer cells. The study of mutation in oncogenes has developed many molecular markers for pointing the cancer cells during treatment. This study helps in development of new drugs in respect to targeted drug delivery.
- Track 14-1Origin of Oncogenes and Proto-Oncogenes
- Track 14-2Epidermal Growth Factor Signalling
- Track 14-3Tumor Suppressor Genes
- Track 14-4Role of P53 in Regulating Programmed Cell Death
Molecular Biology has wide range of applications which includes Molecular medicine that helps in rational drug design, DNA forensics, RFLPs used in sickle-cell genotyping with a PCR based protocol. Molecular Biology applications includes identification of disease causing pathologies and diagnosis and treatment of those diseases.Finding of missing or Non-functional protein in Human genetic diseases.
- Track 15-1Paternity Testing
- Track 15-2Pedigree Verification
- Track 15-3Forensic Analysis
- Track 15-4Gene Therapy
- Track 15-5Drug Design
- Track 15-6Genotyping
The bio-polymers of high molecular weight with mononucleotide as their repeating units are know as Nucleic Acids. Plants and animals are structured based on two nucleic acids namely, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). unlike a plant or animal, a virus has either RNA or DNA, but not both. Derivatives of Pyrimidine and purine forms a Nitrogenous base which acts as sugar moiety for linkage of nucleic acids.
- Track 16-1Tautomerism in Nitrogenous Base
- Track 16-2Conjugation of Nitrogenous Base
- Track 16-3Function of Nucleosides and Nucleotides
- Track 16-4Denaturation and Renaturation of DNA Helix
- Track 16-5Effects of Ionizing radiation on transcription factors and Nucleic acids
Proteins are the major structural constituent of living beings. DNA acts as a storage medium for the information necessary to synthesize proteins, and RNA is responsible for the translation of this information into protein molecules, as part of the ribosome. Protein based catalyst that do all chemical function is known as Enzymes. Non branched and non-forming ring polymer of Amino acids are referred to Proteins. the dehydration of the carboxy-terminus of one Amino acid with the amine terminus of a second Amino acid leads to formation of peptide bond which helps in polymerization of Amino acids.
- Track 17-1Role of Protein in Molecular Biology
- Track 17-2Proteins as Polymers of Amino acids
- Track 17-3Genetically Encoded Amino Acids
- Track 17-4Protein Denaturation Techniques